Environmental and social impacts assessment of forest management unit n° 11 006 in Eyumojock subdivision

F. Bambila, B. Mougoue, B. Tchoffo

Résumé


1. Main objective
To contribute to the rational management of the adverse effects of the exploitation of FMU 11 006 in Eyumojock Subdivision.

2. Specific Objectives (SO)
SO1: To describe the components of both physical and human milieus;
SO2: To describe the logging activities of SEFECAM in FMU 11 006;
SO3: To identify the impacts of this forest exploitation project on the environment;
SO4: To propose mitigation measures for the adverse effects and enhancement measures for the positive impacts of the project in the form of an Environmental and Social Management Plan.

3. Hypothesis
The logging activities of SEFECCAM in FMU 11 006 generate significant negative and positive impacts on the physical and human milieus that can be effectively managed in order to foster the sustainable management of natural resources in Eyumojock Subdivision.

4. Methodology
This work was guided by the collection of data from secondary and primary sources with the aid of various research tools.
- Location of the Study Area
FMU 11 006 is found between Eyumojock and Upper Bayang Subdivisions in Manyu Division, in South West Region of the Republic of Cameroon. This study is limited in the Eyumojock part of the FMU with 6 villages upon which the logging project has direct implications.
- Data collection tools and techniques    
This work was facilitated by the use of research tools such as: interview guide and questionnaire, GPS, digital camera, Leopold's interrelation matrix, Martin Fecteau grid, dictaphone, etc.
The collection of data from secondary sources through the consultation of documents related to the project provided some information concerning the study area. Primary data were collected in a consultative manner, encouraging participants of all works of life to partake in the evaluation process. This was done through interviews with various actors in the forestry sector, direct observations of the activities of logging and Focus Group Discussions with the local populations. The impact assessment models of Leopold and Martin Fecteau were used in the characterisation, evaluation and analysis of the impacts related to this project.


Mots-clés


Environment; management; impact; FMU; Eyumojock; Cameroon

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